Breadwinners and Citizens: Gender in the Making of the French Social Model E–pub/E–book
Rst and workers second While previous scholars have pointed to
women s high rates of labor force participation in France as evidence of a relatively weak male breadwinner ideal Frader s high rates of labor force participation in France as evidence of a relatively weak male breadwinner ideal Frader that this. Rts to redefine citizenship in the 1920s and 1930s She demonstrates that ender divisions and the male breadwinner ideal were reaffirmed through the policies and practices of labor management and overnment The social model that France implemented in the 1920s And 1930s Incorporated Fundamental 1930s incorporated fundamental ineualitiesFrader's analysis moves between the everyday lives of ordinary working women and men and the actions of national policymakers political parties and political movements including feminists pro natalists and trade unionists In the years following World War I the natalists and trade unionists In the years following World War I the women and an incr. Frader argues that the demographic crisis by France s high casualty rates the First World War led to pronatalist policies that men as wage earners while casting women as mothers fi. Laura Levine Frader's synthesis of labor history and ender history brings to the fore failures in realizing the French social model of euality for all citizens Challenging previous scholarship she argues that the male breadwinner ideal was stronger in France in the interwar years than scholars have typically recognized and that it had negative conseuences for women's claims to the full benefits of citizenship She describes how ideas about masculinity femininity family and work affected post World War I
Reconstruction Policies Designed Topolicies designed to France's postwar population deficit and effo.
Laura L. Frader Ò 7 SummaryPerspective masks the strong
Historical Ambivalence Surrounding Womenambivalence surrounding women work and the persistent efforts to contest and contain women s rights as wage earners p 6French to contest and contain women s rights as wage earners p 6French not only earned higher wages. Easing number of immigrant men in the labor force competed for employment and pay Family policy was used not only to encourage reproduction but also to regulate wages and the size of the workforce Policies to promote married women's and immigrants departure from the labor force were common when jobs were scarce as they were during the Depression Frader contends that Daguerreotypes: Fugitive Subjects, Contemporary Objects gender and ethnicity exerted a powerful and unacknowledged influence on French social policy during theDepression era and for decades afterwardAbout the AuthorLaura Levine Frader is Professor of History at Northeastern Universit.