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I have to say an extraordinary piece of philosophy And the most serious work I came across concerning Christianity Kierkegaard s words simplified a lot of concepts about despair and also translated our emotions and our awareness of the self and how complex that is I don t think that its difficult to read the matter discussed is deep yes but the way the author had delivered it was elegant The book is a page turner no doubt Soren Kierkegaard is sure a genius and he was not the type of authors of whom you can sense that they re skeptic or timid toward their own work The Sickness unto Death is an insightful taxonomy of human self deception and a fascinating polemic supporting a Christianity of individuals rather than groups "ITS TWO PARTS THE SICKNESS UNTO DEATH IS DESPAIR "two parts The Sickness unto Death is Despair Despair is Sin reflect its dual psychological and theological significanceIt is first a precursor of modern psychoanalysis exploring the idea of despair as a lack of self understanding and self acceptance Anticipating Freud s unconscious mind Kierkegaard claims that virtually everyone is always in despair whether they now it or not Not being conscious of being in despair is itself a form of despair The physician nows that just as there can be merely imagined illness so too is there merely imagined health Much of the book consists of a general overview of the many different forms despair can take from the despairing ignorance of having a self and an eternal self to the demonic wanting in despair to be oneself defianceAlthough as one of Kierkegaard s algebraic ie philosophically schematic rather than literary works Sickness spends little time developing these forms of despair fleshed out examples an be found in his other works such as EitherOr The short allegories Kierkegaard does use to illustrate his ideas however are consistently clear and illuminating For
ExampleAs A Father Disinherits A a father disinherits a the self will not acknowledge itself after it has been so weak Despairingly it is unable to forget that weakness somehow it hates itself it will not humble itself in faith under its weakness in order to win itself back No in despair it will not as it were hear a word about itself will have nothing to do with itself As doubtless often with the father who disinherited the son the external fact only helped a little it did not rid him of the son least of all in his thoughts As so often it helps little when the lover curses the despised that is loved one but almost intricates him the so it is for the despairing self with itselfSecond and to Kierkegaard s purpose Sickness is an unorthodoxly orthodox classic of Christian theology A must read for anyone interested in the concept of sin Sickness disavows the notion that sin is simply unethical behavior no for Kierkegaard the opposite of sin is not virtue but faith Sin for Kierkegaard is before God or with the conception of God in despair not wanting to be oneself or wanting in despair to be oneself Sin is a heightened form of despair in which God judges each one of us Using this notion Kierkegaard attacks established Christendom for being complacent and confident due to its strength in numbers of its sinlessnessChristianity says to each individual Thou shalt believe Not one word there is nothing to add Now I have spoken says God in heaven we shall talk it over again in eternity In the meantime you can do what you want but judgement is at hand A judgement Indeed we men have learned by experience that when there is a mutiny on a ship or in an army then the guilty are so numerous that the punishment has to be dropped and when it is the public the highly esteemed and cultivated public or the people then there is not only no crime but according to the newspaper which is as dependable as the Gospels and the Revelation it is God s will Why is this so The reason is that the concept judgement corresponds to the individual judgment cannot be passed en masse people can be illed en masse sprayed en masse flattered en masse in short can be treated in many ways just like cattle but to judge people like cattle is not possible for one cannot pass judgement on cattle However many are judged if there is to be any seriousness or truth in the judgement then judgement is passed on each individualIf only there are enough of us in this then there is no wrong in it before this wisdom all people have to this day bowed down ings emperors and excellencies So God is damned well going to learn to bow down too It is simply a matter of there being many of us a decent number who stick together if we do tha. Influencing philosophers such as Sartre and Camus and still strikingly modern in its psychological insights Kierkegaard's The Sickness Unto Death explores the concept of 'despair' as a symptom of the human condition and describes. T we are made safe against the judgement of eternity They are indeed safe if it is only in eternity that they are to become individuals But they were and are constantly individuals before GodThus Kierkegaard s aim is to awaken the reader as spirit ie as an individual self before God not to defend Christianity s doctrines On the contrary Kierkegaard s strongest words are directed against apologetics how extraordinarily stupid it is to defend Christianity how little nowledge of humanity it betrays how it connives if only unconsciously with offence by making Christianity out to be some miserable object that in the end must be rescued by a defence Yes the person who defends that has never believed in it If he does believe then the enthusiasm of faith is not a defence no it is the assault and the victory a believer is a victorTo fully understand why Kierkegaard considers Christianity fundamentally and necessarily irrational to the point of causing offence it will be helpful to read his other works such as Fear and Trembling or Concluding Unscientific Postscript where faith is defined as an objective uncertainty held fast in the most passionate inwardness And nothing for Kierkegaard could be less certainly true than Christianity s paradoxes like the idea that there is an infinite difference in Gone: The Disappearance of Claudia Lawrence and Her Father's Desperate Search for the Truth kind between God and man yet the two share ainship To try and water down Christianity s offensive aspects to make faith easier to just blindly slip into is to destroy faith by removing the necessity for the individual to passionately CHOOSE for himself his own life path his own selfAlthough this is one of Kierkegaard s difficult works once the basic project is grasped it is uite readable and is straightforward than The Concept of Anxiety a psychological work which explores very similar ideas to Sickness The first paragraph with its The self is a relation which relates to itself or that in the relation which is its relating to itself etc etc is famously dense and opaue but is not representative of the rest of the text which becomes and clear and accessible as it delves deeper into the obscurity of sin and despairThe Sickness unto Death is an invaluable resource for those interested in existential psychology or religious philosophy However it is perhaps not the best place to begin if you haven t read other Kierkegaard works Fear and Trembling is an easier starting point For both texts I recommend the Hannay translation rather than the Hong one What our age needs is education And so this is what happened
God Chose A Man Who Also Needed chose a man who also needed be educated and educated him privatissime so that he might be able to teach others from his own experience From Kierkegaard s personal Journals 2013 is the bicentennial of Kierkegaard s birth He probably would have not wanted you to 1,000 Awesome Writing Prompts know that but he has plenty things to let younowThey call him the Father of Existentialism You Moonrise (Snowfall, know you re asking for trouble when trying to write about a man who holds that distinction but I must make an effort once again to try in vain to talk about one of my heroes period Philosopher theologian man in love man in despair man in angst man in thought man in anxiety the man who launched the great Attack on Christendom in order to save ChristianityI can obviously go on but he is almost beyond description in a way though I have just described him at considerable length To get to the book itself it is a relatively short read in comparison to most of his work and is an implicit response to his earlier masterpiece Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments written under the pseudonym Johannes Climacus while this book is written under the name Anti Climacus I have read excerpts of Postscripts but not the whole work in its entirety it is long but a lot of the main points are brought up and somewhat expounded on from a different angle here The title of this book is actually 23 of the main topic of the book which is that the sickness unto death is despair that is THE word of this book and main idea In two parts he is going to talk about theinds of despair and than what despair actually is Throughout that time
we will get the standard anti Hegelianism mixed with the very in depth psychological existential obviously he will get the standard anti Hegelianism mixed with the very in depth psychological existential obviously he uses the word and theological insight that has made his work as new today as it was 50 100 and 164 years ago I am constantly amazed at how at his best he could tell you anything and make it sound ultra enlightening even if you feel you have heard it before For such a small book I felt overwhelmed in. Man's struggle to fill the spiritual void Throughout history some books have changed the world They have transformed the way we see ourselves and each other They have inspired debate dissent war and revolution They have enlighte. A good way at all the information that
I was getting in such little space The only other book that really did that to me is was getting in such little space The only other book that really did that to me is from Underground another existential classic This book also recalled Fear and Trembling to my mind But where that book gives the existential definition of faith the teleological suspension of the ethical this book gives the existential definition of sin One common complaint about this book is about some of the lag in part one which infuriated me when part two came around and he easily explains all the tortured points he was making in a page
AND A HALF THE GOOD NEWS IS THAT HE a half The good news is that he up for it big time in part two when he gets into the topic Despair is Sin from there he s on a rampage of everything you ever thought about sin and Christian faithOne is amazed at how well executed his criticism of institutional Christianity which he calls Christendom is without seeming in the least apostateical yet he pulls no punches whether you re pious or a pagan he is going after you and trying his best to make you uestion what you thought you new But it has to be said and as bluntly as possible that so called Christendom in which all in their millions are Christians as a matter of course so that there are as many yes just as many Christians as there are people is not only a miserable edition of Christianity full of misprints that distort the meaning and of thoughtless omissions and emendations but an abuse of it in having taken Christianity s name in vain Alas the fate of this word in Christendom is like an epigram on all that is Christian The misfortune is not that no one speaks up for Christianity nor therefore that there is not enough priests but they speak up for for it in such a way that the majority of people end up attaching no meaning to itThus the highest and holiest leave no impression at all but sound like something that has now God nows why become a matter of form and habits indefensible they find it reuisite to defend Christianity Oh and his feelings toward apologetics One can see nowhow extraordinarily stupid it is to defend Christianity how little Hello, Snow! knowledge of humanity it betrays how itmakes Christianity out to be some miserable object that in the end must be rescued by a defencesic It is therefore certain and true that the person who first thought of defending Christianity in Christendom is de facto a Judas No 2 he too betrays with aiss except his treason is that of stupidity To defend something is always to discredit it Let a man have a warehouse full of gold let him be willing to give away a ducat to every one of the poor but let him also be stupid enough to begin this charitable undertaking of his with a defence in which he offers three good reasons in justification and it will almost come to the point of people finding it doubtful whether indeed he is doing something good But now for Christianity Yes the person who defends that has never believed in it If he does believe then the enthusiasm of faith is not a defence no it is the assault and the victory a believer is a victor One has to have read or be familiar with Concluding Unscientific Postscripts to understand why he is so against Christian apologetics In that work he comments on the absurdity of the idea that the eternal should come into time and die while taking on the form as the least and lowest of men He argues here and there that the idea is from an intellectual bases absurd to all hell and back thus making it indefensible but at the same time making it the supreme act of love and morality and is at least for him the solution to despair but of course I m simplifying this so my small mind can understand This is just a taste of the ideas going through this book and I would advise you to read it and experience it for yourself One person who deserves some credit in this book is obvious to those who nows the life of Kierkegaard was the only love he ever had his fianc e Regine Olsen This book like many of SK s work is autobiographical to an extent and his relationship to Olsen manages to show up in uite a bit of his works in one form or another They were not manages to show up in uite a bit of his works in one form or another They were not and Beatrice but she had a devastatingly profound effect on him and she could be called in a way the mother of existentialism This really impresses me and makes me feel that Kierkegaard was probably one of the best psychologist of his own mind outside of Jung Let us speak of this in purely human terms Oh how pitiable a person who has never felt the loving urge to sacrifice everything for love who has therefore been unable to do Ned outraged provoked and comforted They have enriched lives and destroyed them Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers pioneers radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.