(Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio) [PDF KINDLE] í Italo Calvino
After posting a couple grumbling reviews I owe the world of authors some gratitude I first read Calvino s little book in 1988 and periodically I pick it up and read parts of it again Six Memos are actually five lect INTERVIEWER What place if any at all does delirium have in your working life ITALO CALVINO Delirium Let s assume I answer I am always rational Whatever I say or write everything is subject to reason clarity and logic What would you think of me You d think I m completely blind when it comes to myself a sort of paranoiac If on
the other hand I were to answer Oh yes I am other hand I were to Answer Oh Yes I Am Delirious I Always Write As Oh yes I am delirious I always write as I were in a trance I don t now how I write such crazy things you d think me a fake playing a not too credible character Maybe the uestion we Let s start with the fact that Italo Calvino is one of my favorite writers of all time His crystalline surrealism easy tone at least in translation and whimsical subjects by which I mean situations and characters inclusive are to me compelling To say that I went into this book with a favorable view of the author would be a gross understatement I absolutely adore Calvino s workNow I am also discovering that I don t really like many books about writing Moorcock s Death is No Obstacle is so far as I ve read the best book on writing out there Calvino s Six Memos for the Next Millennium is a close second A very close secondWhat you won t find in this book are lessons on grammar editorial tips or the best way to market your book to the masses using obnoxious tactics like going on Goodreads and spamming members whe Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio Six Memos for the Next Millennium Italo CalvinoSix Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard but never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy The lectures were originally written in Italian and translated by Patrick Creagh The lectures were to be given in the fall of 1985 and Memos was published in 1988 The memos are lectures on the values of literature that Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture The Memos The values which Calvino highlights are 1 Lightness 2 uickness 3 Exactitude 4 Visibility 5 Multiplicity All that is Pip Sueak Saves the Day Medici Books for Children known of the sixth lecture is that it was to be on consistency 2009 1387 160 9789642090139 1394 140 9789642132683 20 13051399 Italo Calvino given the meticulousness and conceptual cohesion of his storytelling is an unsurprisingly lucid theorist as well Among his final works these five essays were drawn from lectures he he was prevented from delivering by his death in 1985 each covering a different literary trait he most valued A 6th was never written down Eually ordered and discursive each offers insight into Calvino s writing though much of it this is self evident in the writing as well commentary on literary history and useful notes on areas of consideration that should really be on any writer s mind when beginning a new work Actually following that prior comment I should say these traits are SO self evident in Calvino s writing that the direct explication of them is almost unneccessary Not that there isn t much to value here but only after you ve already considered works like Invisible Cities and If on a Winter s Night a Traveler for yourself The examples outshine their analysis or any specific analysis for that matter Calvino s lectures prepared but not delivered late in his career are just as thought provoking as his fiction He discusses someey broad aspects of literature and his personal discoveries of certain propulsive forces in writing His discussion of Multiplicity I found most interesting and the way he categorized encyclopedic and plural texts It will certainly aid your understanding if you are already familiar with Flaubert Gadda Balzac Ovid Dante Boccaccio Shakespeare Mann Goethe Poe Borges Calvino Leopardi Eliot Joyce Perec da Vinci and but familiarity is by no means reuired for enjoyment Skillfully Calvino ropes in the work of all of these authors outlines their methods in some measure and suggests how precisionism or autodidacticism or lightness and suggestion led into the completion or success of the work By handling a wide range of styles and general approaches
Calvino offers a sple English review at the bottomPer spiegarvi perch bisognerebbe leggere uesto saggio a tutti anche a chi di offers a sple English review at the bottomPer spiegarvi perch bisognerebbe leggere uesto saggio a tutti anche a chi di non gliene importa e non ne mastica user una citazione una soltantoSiamo nella prima lezione Leggerezza Uno degli emblemi di uesto valore per Calvino il Cavalcanti protagonista della novella VI9 del Decameron un personaggio silenzioso solitario un personaggio anche che all inizio della novella in uestione sembra molte cose ma non През юни 1984 г Итало Калвино е официално поканен от Харвардския университет за лекционната поредица Чарлз Елиът Нортън Става въпрос за цикъл от шест лекции които се изнасят в рамките на една академична година за Калвино това трябва да бъде 19851986 Традицията на Нортъновите лекции започва от 1926 г и преди Калвино за тях са канени творци от порядъка на Т С Елиът Игор Стравински Хорхе Луис Борхес Нортръп Фр.
Italo Calvino ✓ 0 ReadLeap of the poet philosopher who raises himself above the weight of
WorldThat With that with his gravity he has secret of lightness and that what many consider to be the vitality of the times noisy aggressive revvy and roaring belongs to the realm of death like a cemetery for rusty old carsThis is why these essays should be read by everyone and to everyone They should also for other reasons but for this one above all because Calvino never speaks about literature only for the sake of literature He speaks literature fo me and my two flatmates who wants to be engineers for my mom who can t hear Dante s name without sweating because it reminds her of her school days for my dad a doctor who as a child wanted to read and couldn t because he didn t have the money to afford books for my little sister who can afford books but doesn t want to give them time than what s appropriate for a teenager from 2000 When Calvino talks about literature he talks about my literature and his literature and everyone s literature and the literature that does not exist that maybe will or maybe won t but however it goes he still gave it credit He tells us about a literature as ethereal as a scent and as concrete as your daily bread and I love himSo people let s talk about literature let s talk about it without heaviness and without frivolity Let s talk about literature and let s prove that it is possible to be light and that it s a good thing to be such and that better still it is possible to be light and thinking Which for those who are wondering is not at oxymoron at all Calvino is just so effortlessly wonderful He and literature have a very intimate relationship and she tells him secrets about herself that no one else gets to hear Until now Calvino spills the beans on what are the ualities he feels are most important to the literature of the future lightness uickness exactitude visibility and multiplicityI think my favorites were lightness and multiplicity considering that uickness exactitude and visibility seem to be very self evidently positive ualities of literature who wants to read a slow vague abstract novel But the idea of lightness as a positive uality was fresh for me not lightness as insubstantial but rather be light like the bird not the feather And the goal of literature as a connector of the wildly disparate Dragonsbane knowledges of the modern world the multiplicity ofnowledge in every book I think is a courageous call to arms especially if coupled with uickness and lightnessCalvino occasionally meanders a wee bit too far from his topics in the essays but his digressions are terrifically thought provoking His vast nowledge of world literature is also inspiring he basically provides a list of great authors you should read if they re good enough for CalvinoAlthough this has the potential to be a little bit too academic for some I heartily recommend this as caviar for a hungry mind I would not be so drastic I think we are always searching for something hidden or merely potential or hypothetical following its traces whenever they appear on the surface I think our basic mental processes have come down to us through every period of history ever since our Paleolithic forefathers who were hunters and gatherers The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing the absent thing the thing that is desired or feared like a frail emergency bridge flung over an abyssCalvino s posthumous lectures are a grand gallop across a cherished earth of letters The Six Memos For The Next Millennium are a celebration of Lightness uickness Exactitude Visibility and Multiplicity the sixth was never written at the time of Calvino s passing The ruminations and citations extend from Ovid and Lucretius onward through Dante Boccaccio Shakespeare Cyrano Valery Flaubert Musil and especially Borges This is a wonderful construction one without grandiosity but teeming with an organic elouenceWere I to choose an auspicious image for the new millennium I would choose that one the sudden agile leap of the poet philosopher who raises himself above the weight of the world showing that with all his gravity he ahs the secret of lightness and that what many consider to be the vitality of the times noisy aggressive revving and roaring belongs to the realm of death like a cemetery for rusty old cars This is a series of lectures and in each of them Calvino takes it upon himself to recommend to the next millennium a particular literary value which he holds dear and has tried to embody in his work That way this book becomes not only a manifesto on how to write but also a guide to interpreting Calvino s writings 1 Lightness not frivolity but a lightness of touch that allows the writer and reader to soar above the paralyzing heaviness of the world2 uickness the mental speed of the narrative he takes the rapid trot of a fol. ?птемри 1985 г точно преди гостуването си в Харвард и преди да е написал шестата лекция Съдържателност Италианското заглавие на книгата е избрано от жена му Естер Калвино а петте готови лекции Лекота Бързина Точност Нагледност и Множественост събрани в това томче са издадени посмъртно през 1988 а и представляват една от най талантливите прочувствени и аргументирани защити на художествената литератур. Eggero un intellettuale un filosofo un letteratoshows that withun giovane che rinuncia volentieri alla vita chiassosa e gaudente della giovent fiorentina e preferisce dedicarsi allagiovane che rinuncia volentieri alla vita chiassosa e gaudente della giovent fiorentina e preferisce dedicarsi alla alla meditazione ai libri Tale messer Betto e la sua compagnia allora decidono un giorno di occupare il proprio tempo dando briga al povero Guido che in uel momento passeggia tra i sepolcri di marmo disposti davanti alla chiesa di San Giovanni I giovani cominciano a sbeffeggiarlo sembrano divertirsi anche finch Guido non risponde con delle parole che li spiazzano Signori voi mi potete dire a casa vostra ci che vi piace E Boccaccio continua cos e posta la mano sopra una di E posta la mano sopra una di arche che grandi erano s come colui che leggerissimo era prese un salto e fusi gittato dall altra parte e sviluppatosi da loro se n and L interpretazione di uesta controbattuta deliziosa e la lascio a voi perch come mi capitato recentemente di constatare le battute e le citazioni en passant hanno pi gusto uando le si assaggia solo col pensiero senza adoperare il bisturi del ragionamento scritto che ne suarcerebbe il velo Ma arriviamo cos alla citazione che vi avevo promesso col mio attacco no non era uella la citazione ossia le parole con cui Calvino commenta uesto episodioL agile salto improvviso del poeta filosofo si solleva sulla pesantezza del mondo dimostrando che la sua gravit contiene il segreto della leggerezza mentre uella che molti credono essere la vitalit dei tempi rumorosa aggressiva scalpitante e rombante appartiene al regno della morte come un cimitero d automobili arrugginiteEcco perch uesti saggi andrebbero letti a tutti e da tutti Anche per tante altre ragioni ma soprattutto per uesta perch Calvino non parla mai di letteratura per la letteratura Parla di letteratura per l oggi Parla di letteratura per me e per i miei coinuilini ingegneri per mia madre che uando sente nominare Dante suda perch le ricorda le interrogazioni al liceo per mio padre medico che da ragazzino voleva leggere ma non poteva farlo perch non poteva permettersi i libri per mia sorella ragazzina che i libri pu permetterseli ma pare che non voglia investirci pi tempo di uanto sia decoroso per una giovincella degli anni duemila uando Calvino parla di letteratura parla della mia letteratura della sua letteratura della letteratura di tutti e della letteratura che non esiste e che forse esister o forse no lui una buona parola ce l ha messa Parla di una letteratura eterea come profumo e concreta come pane e io lo amouindi gente parliamo un po di letteratura anche noi parliamone senza essere pesanti e senza essere frivoli Parliamo di letteratura e facciamo vedere che esser leggeri si pu ed un bene e che ancor meglio se si leggeri pensando Che se ualcuno se lo stesse chiedendo non affatto un ossimoroENGLISH REVIEWIn order to explain you why everybody should read this book even those who about literature don t care and don t understand a thing I ll use a uote just one uoteWe are in the first of the lectures or memos according to the title Lightness According to Calvino one of the most effective symbols of this value is the character of Guido Cavalcanti he s an Italian poet of the XIII century he really existed but be aware that here Calvino s talking about the fictional character whom we find in the ninth story of the sixth day in Boccaccio s Decameron Cavalcanti is uiet solitary he seems many things but at least at the beginning of the story he does not seem light uite the opposite he s an intellectual a philosopher a man of letters a young man who rather than spending his time with the boisterous Florentine youth prefers devoting himself to his studies and his meditations So one day Messer Betto and his company see Guido walking meditatively among the marble tombs placed in front of the church of San Giovanni in Florence and they decide to have a little fun of him Guido s reply floors them Gentlemen you may say anything you wish to me in your own home And that s how Boccaccio s goes on Then resting his hand on one of the great tombs and being very nimble he leaped over it and landing on the other side made off and rid himself of them I could write a never ending poem about why this translation which by the way is not mine but taken from the original English text of Calvino s memos is several light years away from the beauty and the elegance that this same passage has in Italian but that s not the point at allI want to leave the interpretation of this uick banter to you because as I myself have recently noticed uotes and witty remarks have a sweeter taste when you taste them only with your mouth without exposing them to the revealing scalpel of a written and thus definitive explanationBut now here it is the uote I promised you at the beginning because no the previous uote still wasn t it that is how Calvino comments this episodeThe sudden agile. ай Октавио ПасЗа първи път се предлага участие на италиански писател и идеята е той да представи заниманията си по възможно най концентрирания и красноречив начин пред студентитеКалвино се заема да пише шест предложения за следващото хилядолетие някои достойнства качества или характерни черти на литературата които са ми особено скъпи в перспективата на новото хилядолетиеПочива от инсулт през с?.